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on Dec 5, 2013 in Medical Health
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We all know the old saying that prevention is better than cure. Many people in Singapore, and in the whole world, possess one or more risk factors for developing common health complications, like heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and certain cancers. Luckily, there are health screening tests that can be done to detect early signs of potentially fatal diseases lingering in our bodies. Here are the following health screening tests that all health screening packages for seniors should have.
Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is the most common reason of death among adults. That’s why all health screening packages should include blood pressure tests to regularly monitor changes of blood pressure. Hypertension is known to be a silent killer because it commonly develops without showing or letting the patient feel any symptoms. If left untreated, it can lead to stroke, heart attack, or kidney failure.
The blood pressure screening test is a simple, non-invasive test that should be done to everyone every two years, regardless of the age. Generally in Singapore, there’s no extra fee for this test, and free screenings for this is very easy to come by. The commonly accepted standard for blood pressure reading is no more than 120/80 for people of all ages.
Cholesterol screening is often included in most health screening packages, including packages for corporate health screening. Cholesterol is the fatty compound that runs in the blood and is a number of different but related substances known as lipids, or fats. Though these substances are essential for body functioning and normal metabolism, having them beyond the proper level and proportion can badly affect the health. The types of lipids that every human body has are categorized into three: LDL (low density lipoproteins), HDL (high density lipoproteins), and triglycerides. Combining these three substances makes up the total amount of cholesterol in the blood stream. Senior citizens should be more attentive and go to clinics like Asiamedic provides health checkup in Singpaore to their cholesterol level since many diseases root from abnormal lipid levels. However, experts recommend to get screened as early as 20 years old with a frequency of every five years.
This is a health condition caused by high levels of glucose in the blood stream. There are two types of diabetes. The most common is the type 2, which can be treated by change of lifestyle and/or oral medication. The other type is the Type 1 diabetes, which is treated with insulin injections. This usually develops in the childhood years of a person and shows symptoms that immediately lead to diagnosis. Type 2 diabetes can happen gradually and unnoticeably for a span of time before symptoms start to show up. Undetected and uncontrolled diabetes can cause many health complications, including peripheral artery disease, kidney disease, and heart disease. Health screening test for diabetes measures the blood glucose level through blood test. In a healthy and well-functioning body, blood glucose level stays below 100mg/dl, regardless of what has been ingested. The frequency of blood sugar tests varies based on the risk factors (age, overweight, family history). For seniors with ages over 65, experts recommend that this screening test should be as frequent as twice a year.
Prostate Cancer (For men only)
Prostate cancer is a typical type of cancer in men and can be successfully eradicated if detected early. Digital rectal exams may be done to check any signs of the disease. Men may have higher of this cancer if:
- Any of your relatives has been diagnosed with prostate cancer, especially when they were young when they got the disease.
- You eat a lot of red meat and fatty dairy products.
- You’re over 65 years old. Older men have higher risk of having the disease.
Breast Cancer (For women only)
This type of cancer is among the most common cancer in women and is one of the leading causes of death among women in Singapore. Women who have detected early signs of breast cancer have the highest chance of survival. By the time a woman reaches her 40’s, she should undergo mammograms with clinical breast exams every two years. Women at higher risk are those who:
- Are breast cancer survivors
- Have primary relatives who have died or diagnosed with breast cancer (mother, daughter, sister
- Had a first baby after 30 or who have not had a baby.